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Tesla Model S

• More than perhaps any other electric car, the Tesla Model S showed the world not only the efficiency and sustainability advantages of an EV but also the performance advantages of an electric drivetrain. There have been electric cars since the very beginning of the automobile, but the Model S was the first usable, daily-drivable EV that was also sleek, cool, and aspirational.

• When production of the Model S started in 2012, it made Tesla a household name and did it without paid advertising. Styled and priced like a conventional luxury sedan, it was decidedly different underneath and properly equipped cars with “Ludicrous” or “Insane” modes will get off the line more quickly than almost any other automobile on sale today.

Design

• The Model S is classified as a full-size luxury car in the United States, although the EPA refers to the Model S as a "Large Car" (greater than or equal to 120 cu ft or 3.4 m3) or "Luxury Sedan". The Euro Car Segment classifies the Model S as a S-segment (sports car);

• In Germany, the Model S is classified as "Oberklasse" (F-segment). All versions of the Model S have the same body and normally seat five passengers. Other configurations were once available so as to allow for a third-row seat with two additional seats, for a total of seven passengers.

• The battery pack includes thousands of identical cylindrical 18650 battery cells 18 mm in diameter and 65 mm in height. These cells use a graphite/silicon anode and a nickel-cobalt-aluminum cathode with an aqueous electrolyte and lithium ions as charge carriers.

• The battery capacity within the Model S has changed numerous times since its debut, ranging from 60–100 kWH. The batteries are the heaviest component within the Model S; the 85 kWh battery pack weighed 1,200 lb (540 kg).

Performance

• Safety ratings are also top notch, and the Model S comes with a range of up to 402 miles (647 km). All of these records used hypermiling techniques such as front motor only, low speed 24 mph (39 km/h), no air conditioning and minimal use of the brakes. These attempts were inspired by a blog written by Elon Musk about the planned range and efficiency of the Tesla Model S, offering a prize for anyone exceeding 400 miles (640 km) on a single charge, where it was estimated the 85 kWh model could do it by driving at a constant 36 mph (58 km/h) under ideal conditions.

• In early September 2019, a prototype ("plaid" tri motor) Tesla Model S went faster than the official record for the fastest "four-door electric sports car" at the Laguna Seca Raceway, beating a previous time held by the Tesla Model 3 Performance.

Production

• While a 2021 Tesla Model S starts at over $69,000 in the U.S., the highest priced Model S currently on JamesEdition is a 2018 model priced at less than $64,000. Located in Canada, it is a 100D model finished in red over black and comes with Autopilot and air suspension.

• In the United States, the Model S is manufactured at the Tesla Factory in Fremont, California. For the European market, the battery pack and electric motor are removed, and the remaining parts are shipped and assembled at Tesla's European Distribution Center in Tilburg. As of 2020, the Model S is one of the top cars for domestic parts content

• U.S. deliveries began June 2012. Tesla reported 520 reservations for the Model S during the first week they were available[160] and by December 2012, a total 15,000 net reservations (after deliveries and cancellations) had been received by year-end.